Evaluation of Water Sources Situation in Offa Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Abiodun R. Omokanye
Benefit Onu


Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the geospatial analysis of underground water resource management and distribution pattern of water supply in Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria. A case study was carried out for the study area.


Methods: Data were collected from two wells in the area. The cumulative values for the variables were collected twice daily for a period of nine months beginning from January to September 2014 for the wells. The data were analyzed by using systematic random sampling technique. The linear regression was used to check the relationship between two variables while the multiple regression analysis was also used as a descriptive analysis tool or as an inferential tool by which the relationship in the total population was evaluated and determined.


Results: The study revealed that despite the government efforts and those of the various agencies, there was still a great reliance especially in the rural areas, on polluted sources of water which make the inhabitants vulnerable to diseases and epidemics which can lead to sudden death if not check-mated.


Conclusion: This research demonstrated that there was a significant reliance, especially in rural areas in the study area, on water sources which make them vulnerable to epidemics.





Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
R. Omokanye, A., & Onu, B. (2024). Evaluation of Water Sources Situation in Offa Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Applied Science Research, 13(1), 26–33. https://doi.org/10.60787/nijophasr-v13-i1-538


Adeyemi SO. “ Nations Quest for Water”. An Inaugural Lecture, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ilorin, Nigeria. 2006.

Dubreuil C. The Right to Water; From Concept to Implementation. World Water Council, France.2006.

Peter H, Reed, B, Diwi Consultant and BIDR. “Rural Water Supply in Africa. Building Blocks for Hand Pump Sustainability,” Water Engineering and Development Center, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU UK ed RWSN. 2004

Ryan H. “Private sector Development Blog: A market Approach to Development Thinking,” International Finance Corporation World Bank, Water and Sanitation Category. 2008.

Krishna PE, Hari J. “The Success of Rainwater Harvesting in Texas,” 3rd Edition,The Texas Manual on Rainwater Harvesting, Austin, 2005.

Anzzolin AR. Drinking Water Mapping Application : Client Focus and Architecture Design. 23rd Annual ESRI International User Conference. USA. 2007.

Azees LO. "Rural Water Supplies in the Basement Complex of western State, Nigeria". Hydrological Science Bulletin. 1992;17: 97-110.

Balogun WG. "Annual Report on the Northern State Universities, Water Supply Scheme. 2006; 74-120.

Olorunfemi_AB. The natural quest for water, sorces, recharge, storage and impacts on the downtrodden health challenges in Irewolede community of Osun State. University of Ile-Ife RECTAS Journal, 2021.

Obi IU. Statistical methods of detecting differences between treatment mean and research methodology isues in laboratory and field experiments. Nigeria, AP Express Publishers Limited, 2002.

Ogbeibu AE. Biostatistics; A practical approach to research and data handling. Mindex Publishing Company Limited Benin. 2005.

American Society of Photogrammetric. Manual of Remote Sensing (2nd Edition), Volume 1. U.S Survey, works Department. 1993.

Attah OB. The Council of Registered Engineers of Nigeria (COREN) Annual Conference Seminar, Abuja publication. 2008.

Garba ZN, Gimba CE, Galadima A. Arsenic Contamination of Domestic Water from Northern Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Technology. 2012; 2 (1): 55-60.

Bergma FF. Soil Conservation and Erosion Control as applied to Remote Sensing. U.S. Library Press. 1993.

Baba JM. The global water challenges, the supply, versus the demand. National Association of Geography NAG, Conference, 2010

Egbinola CN, Amanambu CA. Groundwater Contamination in Ibadan, South-west Nigeria. SpringerPlus. 2014; 3:448.

Balogun SA. The prone diseases and water resource affluence in the rural communities, the seminar paper to IITA, Ibadan Publications. 2000.

Ahmed AS. Geospatial survey of water supply unit and environmental pollution monitoring, unpublished Ph.D research thesis, university of Ilorin, Nigeria. 1999.

Adigun AA. Ground - truthing in water resource evaluation, monitoring and development, The Nigeria Meteorological Association Bulleting, Lagos. 2010.

Adaramola UA. Climatic Characteristics influence on water resource management, pros and cons, a paper presented at the annual conference of Federal Ministry of Water Resources, Lagos. 2007.