Nutritional and Phytochemical Properties of Beta vulgaris Linnaeus (Chenopodiaceae) – A Review
Main Article Content
Background: Beta vulgaris L. (Chenopodiaceae) is a nutritious vegetable that is known by various names all over the world. This review summarizes and analyzes the nutritional as well as phytochemical properties of Beta vulgaris L that makes it suitable as food and medicine for man.
Methods: Related literature from 1988-2020 was gotten and compiled from academic search databases; Google Scholar, Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus. The articles were searched for with the aid of keywords (Nutritional, Beta vulgaris, Phytochemical, and Proximate).
Results: Studies indicate that Beta vulgaris L. contains carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids, vitamins, fibres that makes it a good source of food for man and its leaves a healthy source of feed for animals; Phenolic acids (such as Caffeic acid, Syringic acid and Ferulic acid), Flavonoids (such as Quercetin, Rutin, and Myricertin) and Betalains (such as Betanin, Isobetanin, Vulgaxanthin I and II). The plant also contains sucrose (carbohydrate) which makes its root suitable for the industrial production of sugar as it is the second most used plant for the production of raw sugar after Saccharum officinarum. Even with all these properties, many are not aware of the medicinal functions of this plant which include being a natural aphrodisiac, anti-diabetic, anti-bacterial, and anti-cancer agent.
Conclusion: This paper provides a review on the nutritional and phytochemical characteristics of Beta vulgaris L. which should be useful for further study of the usefulness of this plant.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
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