Steam Distillation and Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Volatile Components of Zingiber Officinale

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Grace A. Akpanika
Effiong E. Nkanor
Gloria A. Ayoola


Background: The use of ginger in aromatherapy and humidification has become a common practice since the advent of Covid-19 pandemic. Even though ginger will not prevent or cure Covid-19 and other viral infections, there are evidences that ginger can give relief from nausea, cough, nasal irritation, fatigue and aches.


Methods: The oil of Zingiber officinale (ginger) from Calabar metropolis was extracted using steam distillation. Gas chromatography Mass Spectrometry was used to determine volatile compounds.


Results: 57 compounds were identified, Zingiberene (26.85%) being the most abundant. Other compounds identified included Sesquiphillandrene (22.12%), Curcumene (10.69%), Eucalyptus (2.80%), Eugenol (2.70%), B-Phellandrene (1.65%), Bisabollene (1.52%), Pinene (0.17%) and Camphor (0.13%).


Conclusion: The presence of these compounds is more likely to be responsible for the use of ginger in ethno medicine as in aromatherapy.


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A. Akpanika, G. ., E. Nkanor , E. ., & A. Ayoola, G. . (2021). Steam Distillation and Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Volatile Components of Zingiber Officinale. Nigerian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Applied Science Research, 10(1), 15-19. Retrieved from


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