Steam Distillation and Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Volatile Components of Zingiber Officinale

Main Article Content

Grace A. Akpanika
Effiong E. Nkanor
Gloria A. Ayoola

Abstract

Background: The use of ginger in aromatherapy and humidification has become a common practice since the advent of Covid-19 pandemic. Even though ginger will not prevent or cure Covid-19 and other viral infections, there are evidences that ginger can give relief from nausea, cough, nasal irritation, fatigue and aches.


 


Methods: The oil of Zingiber officinale (ginger) from Calabar metropolis was extracted using steam distillation. Gas chromatography Mass Spectrometry was used to determine volatile compounds.


 


Results: 57 compounds were identified, Zingiberene (26.85%) being the most abundant. Other compounds identified included Sesquiphillandrene (22.12%), Curcumene (10.69%), Eucalyptus (2.80%), Eugenol (2.70%), B-Phellandrene (1.65%), Bisabollene (1.52%), Pinene (0.17%) and Camphor (0.13%).


 


Conclusion: The presence of these compounds is more likely to be responsible for the use of ginger in ethno medicine as in aromatherapy.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
A. Akpanika, G. ., E. Nkanor , E. ., & A. Ayoola, G. . (2021). Steam Distillation and Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Volatile Components of Zingiber Officinale. Nigerian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Applied Science Research, 10(1), 15-19. Retrieved from https://nijophasr.net/index.php/nijophasr/article/view/390
Section
Articles

References

Mbaveng A, Kwete V. Zingiber Officinale. Medicinal spices and Vegetables from Africa. Elsevier. 2017: 637-39.

National Academy of Sciences: Ginger does not prevent or cure Covid-19. 500 5th Street, NY, Washington DC. 20001. 2020:1-2.

Kalirajam R, Gowramma B, Srikath J, Vadivelan R. Activity of phytochemical constituents of black pepper, ginger and garlic against Corona virus (Covid-19): An Insilico Approach. International journal of Health and Allied Sciences. Med Know Publications and media Ltd. 2020; 9(3)

AOAC: Official Methods of Analysis. 14th ed. Wasshington DC. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 1984

Humayun R, Almas Begum, Syed Atif Raza, Zia Mohy-Ud-Din Khan, Hamad Yousaf and Ayesha Tariq. Antimicrobial property and phytochemical study of ginger found in local area of Punjab, Pakistan. International Current Pharmaceutical Journal. 2015; 4(7): 405-409.

Jalal BZ and Nasroallah MK. Physiological and pharmaceutical effects of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) as a valuable medicinal plant. European Journal of Experimental Biology. 2014; 4(1):87-90.

Amir H , Makan P , Ehsan G , Amirhossein S. The effect of Curcumin/Turmeric on blood pressure modulation: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Elsevier. 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.phrs.2019.104505.

Falk, A.A., M.T. Hagberg, A.E. Lof, E.M. Wigaeus-Hjelm, and Z.P. Wang. Uptake, distribution and elimination of alpha-pinene in man after exposure by inhalation. Scand J Work Envir Health 1990; 16(5):372-8.

Gaber EB, Luay M. A, Lamiaa GW, Amany MB, Eman HN and Eman KR. Syzygium aromaticum L. (Myrtaceae): Traditional Uses, Bioactive Chemical Constituents, Pharmacological and Toxicological Activities. Biomolecules. 2020; 10 (202): 2-16

Mohaddese M. Zingiber officinale Rosc. Essential oil, a review on its composition and bioactivity. Mahboubi Clinical Phytoscience 2019; 5(6):2-12

Angela E. Sadlon, DWL. Immune-Modifying and Antimicrobial Effects of Eucalyptus Oil and Simple Inhalation Devices. Alternative medicine review: a journal of clinical therapeutic 2010; 15(1):33-47

Michael Z and Chu H. Hydrocarbons Significance in the flavor and fragrance industries. Perfumer and flavonist. Research gate. 2009: 34