The Knowledge and Attitude of Pharmacists to Patients’ Antibacterial Counselling in Government-owned Secondary Healthcare Institutions in Ogun State Nigeria

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Adeola Adebisi Michael
Omole Michael Kayode
Itiola Oludele Adelanwa


Irrational antibacterial use with its attendant consequences has been reported worldwide. In Nigeria, evidenced-based 1study to ascertain pharmacists’ knowledge and attitude to antibacterial counselling is scarce. This study evaluated pharmacists’ knowledge of antibacterial therapy and counselling. It was a cross-sectional study among 51 pharmacists with the responsibility of patients’ medication counselling at the outpatient department of government-owned healthcare institutions of Ogun State of Nigeria. Pharmacists’ knowledge and attitude to antibacterial counselling was determined through structured questionnaire. The survey revealed that 18(35.3%) of the pharmacists were of the opinion that antibacterial drug(s) that may have their absorption hindered by food should be best used within a specific time frame to meal. Twenty-one (41.2%) of the pharmacists believed that antibacterial resistance may be prevented by taking antibacterial medication at regular intervals. Only 25(49.0%) accepted that patients’ knowledge of counselling guide on antibacterial use can be enhanced by clearly written instruction. The pharmacists’ mean knowledge scores of antibacterial therapy and counselling skill were 3.0 ± 1.4 and 5.6 ±2.1 respectively while the mean attitudinal score was 6.4 ± 0.8.The pharmacists demonstrated poor antibacterial therapy knowledge but positive attitude to antibacterial counselling. Regular update of antibacterial therapy knowledge is hereby recommended.


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Michael, A. A. ., Kayode, O. M. ., & Adelanwa, I. O. . (2020). The Knowledge and Attitude of Pharmacists to Patients’ Antibacterial Counselling in Government-owned Secondary Healthcare Institutions in Ogun State Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Applied Science Research, 9(1), 46–54. Retrieved from
Author Biographies

Adeola Adebisi Michael

Department of Clinical pharmacy and pharmacy administration, University of Ibadan, Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria

Omole Michael Kayode

Department of Clinical pharmacy and pharmacy administration, University of Ibadan, Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria

Itiola Oludele Adelanwa

Department of Pharmaceutics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria


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